Periodontal health can be achieved with non-surgical treatment. Non-surgical treatment is often the first step in treatment of periodontal disease.
Scaling and Root Planing
This process involves the careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar from any deep periodontal pockets that are present. The root of the tooth is also smoothed in order to remove bacterial toxins. This is an effective treatment for controlling periodontal disease, although regular maintenance is still required in order to sustain long-term dental health. Professional dental cleaning is recommended between 2-4 times per year depending on the type and severity of your periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease is bacterial in nature. As a result, it can be controlled by reducing or eliminating the harmful bacteria that cause the disease. Oral antibiotics are an adjunct to scaling and root planing. This can be prescribed in pill form. It can also be directly applied to an infected gum pocket or into the space between the teeth and the gums as an antibiotic powder or gel. Antibacterial mouth rinses can also be used to control and reduce bacterial plaque usually for post-surgery plaque reduction. Antibiotics are usually only recommended for acute or aggressive periodontal infections.
Ongoing Hygiene Maintenance
While dental professionals can help you maintain your oral health, ongoing care of your teeth and gums is also very important. Brushing is recommended for at least two minutes, at least twice a day. Flossing is recommended at least once a day. Other oral health care aids and products are available today to help maintain your oral health.